In Ethiopia, KalaCORE works to strengthen country capacity for control of Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) and to support the detection and response to outbreaks.
VL is an important public health problem and places a high burden on the health system in Ethiopia, with endemic areas that are continually spreading. Geographically, VL is found mainly in Tigray and Amhara regions (90% of cases), where every year an estimated 300-500,000 migrants are at risk of VL. Oromia, Somali and SNNPR harbours 10% of the VL caseload. There are 40 districts in these 5 regional states that are confirmed to be endemic for VL. In 2014, 2,705  cases were reported nationwide by the Ministry of Health, but there are many cases undiagnosed and unreported. Currently, there are around 21 VL treatment centers in the five endemic regions.
 Official figure from WHO